We cannot defend freedom abroad by deserting it at home (1954)
The program ended with Murrow reading a statement directly into the camera, which is credited with helping to stem the tide of McCarthyism that was sweeping the nation. Ultimately, Murrow's statement may have been most instrumental in making people feel comfortable questioning McCarthy and his tactics without fear of being labelled a communist or a traitor oneself.
Murrow's statement from March 9, 1954:
No one familiar with the history of this country can deny that congressional committees are useful. It is necessary to investigate before legislating, but the line between investigating and persecuting is a very fine one and the junior Senator from Wisconsin has stepped over it repeatedly.
His primary achievement has been in confusing the public mind as between the internal and the external threats of communism. We must not confuse dissent with disloyalty. We must remember always that accusation is not proof and that conviction depends upon evidence and due process of law.
We will not walk in fear, one of another. We will not be driven by fear into an age of unreason, if we dig deep in our history and our doctrine, and remember that we are not descended from fearful men — not from men who feared to write, to associate, to speak and to defend causes that were, for the moment, unpopular.
This is no time for men who oppose Senator McCarthy's methods to keep silent, or for those who approve. We can deny our heritage and our history, but we cannot escape responsibility for the result. There is no way for a citizen of a republic to abdicate his responsibilities.
As a nation we have come into our full inheritance at a tender age. We proclaim ourselves, as indeed we are, the defenders of freedom, wherever it continues to exist in the world, but we cannot defend freedom abroad by deserting it at home.
The actions of the junior Senator from Wisconsin have caused alarm and dismay amongst our allies abroad, and given considerable comfort to our enemies. And whose fault is that? Not really his. He didn't create this situation of fear; he merely exploited it—and rather successfully.
Cassius was right. "The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, but in ourselves." Good night, and good luck.
Murrow invited McCarthy to respond to the March 9th episode. McCarthy took three weeks to film a response and was given airtime to defend himself against the earlier criticism. The program aired on April 6, 1954.
McCarthy says in the film that normally he wouldn't waste any time replying to Murrow, but feels compelled to because Murrow, "is the cleverest of the jackal pack, which is always found at the throat of anyone who dares to expose individual communists and traitors."
You can watch the entire epsiode of McCarthy's "See It Now" rebuttal from April 6, 1954 on the CBS website.
The Murrow-McCarthy saga was dramatized in the 2005 film, Good Night, and Good Luck.